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hybrid cars vs electric cars

Electric Vs Hybrid Cars - What's the Difference?

14th April 2021 8min read 6946 views

Evolving climate patterns impact several people every year. To help battle global warming, people are taking corrective measures. By switching to fuel-efficient vehicles, each one of us can do our part in fighting the climate crisis. But what are our options? In India, both hybrid and electric cars are available. Let’s take a look at the differences between these cars and how they function.

Hybrid Cars

Two different engines power hybrid cars. One runs on petrol while the other is electric. Both work together to keep the vehicle running. While these cars burn less petrol than conventional ones, they still require fuel to function. Every time the brakes are engaged, excess power is created, which automatically charges the battery.

Electric Cars

Electric vehicles use only electric motors. These cars have batteries that charge with the help of plug points. They’re far more fuel-efficient than hybrid variants since they don’t use any fuel. Sadly, these cars are not as popular as hybrid vehicles due to concerns about battery life and long-distance drives.

How Do Electric Cars Differ from Hybrid Cars?

Specifications Electric Cars Hybrid Cars
Power Source Electricity through a battery pack Electricity and fossil fuel (either petrol or diesel)
Engine Electric Internal Combustion Engine (ICE) and electric
Emission Levels Lower as compared to conventional ICE and hybrid cars Higher than electric cars
Charging Required Yes No
Price Higher than conventional Similar to conventional ICE
  ICE cars cars

Benefits of Electric Cars

  • Better for the Environment: Fully electric cars have zero emissions since they work on battery power and do not have an exhaust. So, they are far better for the environment than conventional vehicles and even hybrid models.

  • Easier to Maintain: Electric vehicles do not require oil changes or engine maintenance as much as other cars. With an electric four-wheeler, you won’t have to worry about regular and expensive oil changes. Generally, these vehicles are light and easy on the brakes, which means you don’t have to replace the brake pads as often.

  • Quieter than Petrol Variants: Lower fuels emissions aren’t the only reason why these cars are better for the environment. Electric vehicles are also much quieter than conventional ones, which means they do not create noise pollution.

Benefits of Hybrid Cars

  • Cleaner Fuel Emissions: Since hybrid vehicles use a combination of electric and internal combustion engines, they have cleaner emissions than conventional ICE cars. So, they’re more eco-friendly than just fuel counterparts.

  • Regenerative Braking: Most people worry about having to stop and charge their electric vehicles. Hybrid vehicles have regenerative braking technology to tackle this issue. Each time the brakes are applied, the battery gets recharged thanks to the generation of electricity.

  • So, What’s Better?: Picking between an electric or hybrid car will depend on several factors. Firstly, you need to consider your finances and decide on a budget. Generally speaking, hybrid models are more affordable than electric ones. You will also need to think about how you intend to use the car. If you’re only driving within the city, an electric vehicle may not be an issue. But if you undertake long drives regularly, you will have to consider whether a battery-operated machine has the power required to get you to your destination.

  • Securing Your Vehicle: Whatever you decide to purchase, you must remember to insure your vehicle. Currently, four-wheeler insurance companies offer similar plans for petrol, hybrid and electric vehicles. Until now, there are no separate car insurance policies available for electric cars. But, insurance providers are hoping to change this. They expect to offer electric four-wheeler insurance policies soon. They believe that separate policies will help meet the unique and specific needs of people who own electric vehicles.

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